Orthopedic Treatment For Shoulder Dislocation

by Administrator 22. September 2014 11:05

Shoulder Dislocation is a condition caused due to an injury leading to darting out of the bone of the upper arm from the cup shaped opening in the shoulder blade. The shoulder, being the most flexible of all joints, is most susceptible to getting dislocated.

Shoulder can be either partially or completely dislocated. In a partial dislocation, the top of the humerus (upper arm bone) gets moderately out of the glenoid (opening in the shoulder). In a complete dislocation, it gets completely detached from the socket and both the conditions can cause unsteadiness and pain in the shoulder joint.

Causes

  • Trauma: Shoulder dislocation may occur when the joint is in an exposed position and gets popped out suddenly. A hard knockback to the shoulder in a road accident is one of the common causes of dislocation.
  • Excessive strain on shoulder ligament: Sports such as swimming, volleyball, baseball, tennis etc. that need recurrent overhead movements can overstrain the ligaments in the shoulder.
  • Falls: Shoulder may also get dislocated as a result of falling from a height or tripping on something.

Symptoms

  • Extreme pain
  • Visible disfigurement in the shoulder
  • Recurrent instances of dissemination of shoulder
  • Feeling of weakness, numbness, pins and needles in the arm
  • Shoulder might feel loose, hanging and sliding in our out of the joint
  • Uneasiness while making certain movements of the shoulder
  • Swelling and bruising

Treatment

The treatment options for shoulder dislocation may include:

  • Closed reduction: The orthopedic doctor may use manual exercises to get the shoulder bones back into place. You might be administered a muscle relaxant or sedative if the pain is intense.
  • Immobilization: The patient might need to use a sling or splint for some time to restrict the movement of shoulder. The time for which the splint should be worn varies from patient to patient.
  • Surgery: If a person has frail shoulder ligaments or joints, surgery might be needed to treat the dislocated shoulder.
  • Rehabilitation: After the splint is removed, a gradual rehabilitation therapy is required to restore, stability, strength and range of motion of the shoulder.

If your shoulder has suffered a minor dislocation and there has not been much damage to the tissues or nerves, the joint is likely to recover within a few weeks. However, you must not resume activity soon after the treatment as it may make you susceptible to injuring your shoulder and getting it dislocated again.

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