Common Sports Injuries Of The Shoulder

by Administrator 14. July 2014 06:44

Shoulder injuries are a common consequence of repetitive and overhead movements of the shoulder that result in acute shoulder pain. People who are involved in sports like tennis, badminton, bowling, baseball, swimming etc subject their shoulders to enormous stress and strain, and unfortunately end up injuring their shoulders. Activities like washing walls, carpentry and gardening have been found to strain the shoulders as well.

The shoulder is a ball and socket joint which is made up of- the upper arm bone (humerus), collar bone (clavicle) and shoulder blade (scapula). Muscles, tendons and ligaments hold these bones together for free movement of the shoulder. Due to injuries to shoulder there may be swelling, tingling sensation, weakness, numbness and changes in range of motion in shoulder. Though minor injuries can be healed easily, serious shoulder injuries caused due to collisions and falls require medical attention. They can cause dislocation of the joints of shoulders. A few common sports injuries to shoulder are discussed below:

  • Rotator Cuff Tendinitis – It occurs in people who use consistent overhead motions and overuse their shoulders. This occurs to athletes who play sports like tennis, baseball etc and to the elderly due to degeneration of the tendons. Exercises recommended by orthopedic surgeon may gradually heal the injury and anti inflammation medicines can help reduce the pain and swelling.
  • Impingement Syndrome – Excessive rubbing of the shoulder muscles against the shoulder blade cause impingement. It is a form of rotator cuff injury where the tendons feel pinched and inflamed.
  • Dislocated Shoulder – Trauma may cause the shoulder to dislocate or pop put of a joint. It causes severe damage to the tendons and ligaments that help hold the shoulder joint in place.  It requires immediate medical attention and needs to be put back in place by an experienced professional.  Shoulder dislocations may need surgical treatment to repair the damage.
  • Shoulder Instability – It can occur as an aftermath of dislocated shoulder.  If the shoulder remains unstable, subsequent dislocations may occur. Physical therapy and anti inflammatory medicines help relieve symptoms of pain or else surgery may be required to repair torn ligaments and tendons so that they keep the shoulder in place.
  • Thrower's Shoulders – It causes abnormal gliding of the shoulder due to overhead throwing movements. The shoulder joints get stretched and the back gets tighter and this injury requires special expertise to treat and diagnose.
  • Labral Tears – It may occur as a result of falls, throws or blows to the shoulder. The labrum that cushions the shoulder joints can tear and cause intense pain. If the tears are large, they may cause shoulder dislocations.

Apart from these injuries, a number of injuries because of sports occur and cause damage to the shoulder. These sports injuries can become chronic if they are not treated on time or if the straining activities are continued before the joint fully recovers. Special care and treatments are a must before continuing any activity that causes strain or stress to the shoulder.

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